Sheikh Mohammed Abdullah known as Sher-e-Kashmir' (the Lion of Kashmir) (1905-1982) was one of the most important political figures in the modern history of Jammu and Kashmir.
Sheikh Abdullah became the Prime Minister of Kashmir soon after its Provisional accession (limited to Defence, Foreign Affairs and Finance and subject to ratification by plebiscite that has till now not taken place) to India. Sheikh Abdullah was a charismatic leader, and had the following of a huge majority of Kashmiris. Sheikh Abdullah made a very important speech in the shrine of Hazratbal on 14 January 1949. Sheikh Abdullah redefines freedom in a manner that appears refreshingly new and revolutionary even today in the twentieth century.