01 February 2011

Nutrition for Athletes

Each and every human being, be it a child or adult, needs good nutrition for proper body development and nourishment. However, as far as the athletes are concerned, they need optimal nutrition for the best performance. Apart from good training, a proper nutrition is essential for blossoming in the industry of sports. As far as the nutrition for athletes is concerned, the sportsmen can go to the dietitian or can even browse through the Internet for getting an ideal diet chart suiting his or her height, body requirements, weight and sex.

Diet for Athletes

Sports nutrition helps the sportsmen to keep up a consistency in their performance. He energy required for exercise and other physical activities are derived from the food we consume. The diet chart of the Athletes should include the following nutrients:
  • Carbohydrate
  • Vitamins
  • Proteins
  • Minerals
  • Fats
All these nutrients act as he sources of the nutrition for the athletes. However, how much nutrient an athlete should take will completely depend upon how much calorie he or she is losing through exercise. Athletes are recommended carbohydrates so that they do not run out of energy during their workouts. All the other nutrients should also be taken in right proportion.

Eating Disorder: Common in Athletes

Eating disorders commonly affected the people engaged in sports like running, wrestling, gymnastics, hose racing, figure skating and rowing. The female athletes, however, are more vulnerable to eating disorders. The mostly witnessed eating disorders in sportsmen include:
  • Bulimia
  • Anorexia Nervosa
  • Compulsive Exercise
Female athletes suffering from eating disorders are often found to be the victim of the state called female athlete triad. female athlete triad. Female athlete triad is the result of the following problems:
  • Amenorrhea (Menstrual irregularities)
  • Weak bones
  • Deficient Energy

Nutrition for Female Athletes

Women athletes are often heard to suffer from iron iron deficiency. An excessive sweating can lead to the loss of iron. Moreover, menstruation increases the requirement of iron. Proper diet chart should be followed to avoid the diseases caused by iron deficiency. The women athletes also require adequate calcium

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