Nutrition refers to the study of food. It is all about how the body extracts energy from food for its growth, nourishment and development. The intake of nutritious food prevents chronic ailments and, in the process, supports a healthy life. An individual must keep proper amount of carbohydrate, fats, vitamin, protein and minerals in his or her diet. In recent times, matters related to nutrition have become an important area for the Indian government to focus on.
These nutrients are necessary for your growth and they help one to stay away from illness. But, remember that the nutritional need varies from individual to individual. The nutritional requirement of an individual depends on his or age, height, sex, weight, rate of growth and level of activity. Serious diseases affect the body due to malnutrition. In India, there are several instances of untimely death due to malnutrition.
Food is the principal source of nutrition and energy. Food stimulates the body by offering necessary energy needed for daily activity. Food contains nutrients. The six types of nutrients include:
Functions of Nutrients
Protein, consisting of 22 amino acids, happens to be the basic building component for the muscles, skin, nails and hair. Intake of protein is essential for hormone and enzyme formation. Carbohydrate acts as the principal source of energy for the proper functioning of the body and muscles. It modulates fat and protein metabolism. Minerals aid in keeping up the water balance of the body. It also helps in bone development and hormone production. Water assists in maintaining a static temperature of the body.
There are important nutrition facts that should be conveyed to the people. With the aim of spreading awareness among people on nutritional issues, the Food and Nutrition Board, India launched several mass awareness campaigns. Some of the events celebrated by Food and Nutrition Board, India include:
- National Nutrition Week (From 1st to 7th September)
- Global Iodine Deficiency Disorders Prevention Day ( celebrated on 21st October)
- World Breastfeeding Week (from 1st to 7th August)
- World Food Day (celebrated on 16th October)
- Universal Children's Day (Celebrated on 14th November)